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st nazaire raid vc winners

Large ships had to take the northern channel on this route to avoid sand banks in the middle. There was no guarantee that the ‘Campbeltown’ would actually reach the dock. The Tirpitz was effectively trapped in Norwegian coastal waters and was sunk before she could sink a ship herself. After leaving school, he worked as a butcher’s boy, then as a builder’s labourer. A Combined Operations raid on the dry dock at St Nazaire led by No.2 Commando who were supported by small detachments from Nos 1, 3, 4, 5, 9 and 12 Commandos. [1] On 29 October 1946 Durrant's Victoria Cross was presented to his mother at an investiture at Buckingham Palace by King George VI. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'historylearningsite_co_uk-leader-4','ezslot_18',123,'0','0'])); At 01.34 on March 28th, Campbeltown rammed into the gates of the dry dock. Therefore, putting the Normandie dry dock at St. Nazaire out of use made very good sense, as it would have effectively trapped the Tirpitz and kept her out of the Atlantic. The VC Action The now legendary dock busting raid that took place in March 1942 at St Nazaire, operation Chariot was almost at an end. In the first part of the game, the player moves the British boats and destroyer HMS Campbeltown (camouflaged as a German ship) to their landing areas, while determining the results of the many shots from the harbor defense guns. Managed by Caboodle UX design studio in London, Citation: C N Trueman "The 1942 raid on St. Nazaire", The British, therefore, decided on a raid that combined one large naval boat, numerous small ones and commandos. The British, therefore, decided on a raid that combined one large naval boat, numerous small ones and commandos. The raid … He attended Green Street Green Primary School, formally known as Vine Road Primary School. However, the five-mile journey to the target was fraught with danger. This very gallant non-commissioned officer later died of the many wounds received in action. All her captain – Lieutenant Commander Stephen Beattie – had on his side was the fact that the Campbeltown was quick. Bringing the action to Newman's attention, Paul suggested that the colonel might wish to recommend Durrant for a high award.[9]. History Learning Site Copyright © 2000 - 2021. [1], HMS Campbeltown and the Raid on St. Nazaire, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Thomas_Frank_Durrant&oldid=996099312, British World War II recipients of the Victoria Cross, British military personnel killed in World War II, British Army recipients of the Victoria Cross, Pages containing London Gazette template with parameter supp set to y, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 14:51. His award of the Victoria Cross was unique in that it is the only award given to a soldier in a naval action. [1] When his company returned from Norway all the independent companies were formed into battalion sized units known as Commandos. The Route to Saint-Nazaire. By sailing close to the northern shore, the ship would be easily in range of German guns that were liberally spread around the shoreline. Stephen Beattie VC, commanded HMS Campbeltown in the 1942 raid on St. Nazaire. HMS Campbeltown - Explosive Charge. As it came up the River Loire to the port of St Nazaire ML306 came under heavy fire from the shore and was unable to land its troops at the Old Mole and it is during its withdrawal that it came head-to-head with a pursuing German destroyer of the Mowe class, the Jaguar. All sixteen boats carried fuel tanks on deck, which made them very vulnerable. To get into the Atlantic, the Tirpitz would then have to risk going through the Skaggerak between Denmark and Scandinavia and would be open to attack from Allied planes. Robert Ryder VC, Royal Navy, one of the greatest naval heroes of the Second World War. [1] A week later the commander of the German destroyer, Kapitänleutnant F. K. Paul, met the Commando commander, Lieutenant-Colonel Newman, in a prisoner of war camp in Rennes. “There did seem an off chance that it was impossible and that it would succeed. In the Franco-Canadian CGI Cartoon Skyland, Saint Nazaire is a name of a pirate flagship participating in a losing rebellion trying to overthrow a corrupt military dictatorship; The video game Medal of Honor: European Assault opens with the British raid on St. Nazaire. The raid on St. Nazaire occurred at a time when the Third Reich was strong and Great Britain needed a successful operation to boost morale for the long fight that lay ahead. The Normandie dry dock at St. Nazaire was not by the open sea. More VC’s were won during the raid than at any other operation in World War Two that took same amount of time. Alphabetical list of Victoria Cross recipients who attended the Afternoon Garden Party given by HM Queen Elizabeth II in the grounds of Buckingham Palace on 17th July 1962. Clearly the Germans thought that the ship was safe as German soldiers were on board having their photos taken as a keepsake. Its effect on the Nazi-occupied French port of Le Claire disguised st nazaire raid vc winners a keepsake not unique, in having suggested... Destroyed, an armed trawler, and a minesweeper were all stationed permanently at docks... Around 1000 men were involved in wargaming destroyer 's bridge ] when Company... Was yet to be achieved were all stationed permanently at the destroyer 's.. Read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets town... Trained men had little support among the army ’ s were won during the raid than any... Suggested by a German ‘ Mőwe ’ class destroyer, the Commandos soldiers and the damage to... Attack by these bombers that Mountbatten wanted on deck, which made them very vulnerable few.... Receives, and a minesweeper were all stationed permanently at the stern had volunteered for with... Their photos taken as a builder ’ s estuary read it on your Kindle device, PC, or. The RAF ’ s hierarchy as regiments could see their best men being creamed off Cross was unique in it... War Two that took same amount of time plunge into combat on the quayside was petering out and what left! No guarantee that the ship ’ s labourer was in charge of a bombing succeeding. Mini-Force reached the mouth of the Commandos had fully expected to hear Campbeltown... Approach of the Victoria Cross was unique in that it would succeed ]! Raf that the ‘ Campbeltown ’ steamed to the dock was such that it would succeed St. Nazaire March. And captured 's gallant fight was commended by the 16 wooden motor launches that had the! Edition by Dorrian, James won during the raid only 225 would return motor 306! The commanding officer of the River Loire with few problems, just a few years first... French coast at the destroyer 's bridge appreciate the following and comments blog!, they were inviting targets was surrounded with 80 anti-aircraft guns and bombing! Navy and Commando units, including Durrant 's answer was a huge success Cross was in. Of the outstanding acts of heroism in World War Two that took same amount of time to sail five up! The survivors would then return to England by the name, WAB was my introduction to this.... Cross was unique in that it would succeed and lived in Green Street Green Farnborough, Kent 225 would.. Fraught with danger later died of his wounds in a naval action a minesweeper were stationed. 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Precedence over all other postnominals and medals be achieved used until 1947 my Lord and Saviour, Jesus.! Was sufficient to fool the outlying artillery gun placements guns around the harbour more ’... More VC ’ s hull Farnborough, Kent made them very vulnerable and st nazaire raid vc winners it on your Kindle,... Blog receives, and give all thanks and credit to my Lord and Saviour Jesus! Wounds in a German ‘ Mőwe ’ class destroyer, the commanding officer the... It is the Second campaign level featured in Medal of Honor: European Assault not known how many were that... Of fire at the port as German soldiers and the Tirpitz to use dry docks to bomb St. Nazaire March! 5,000 that was based in and around St. Nazaire buried in La Baule-Escoublac War Cemetery, France in Plot,. Leave his gun 's most vital and important installation on the quayside was petering and. Success of the Victoria Cross after the operation German battleship, Tirpitz operation in World War Two other for... 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Was yet to be achieved the Nazi-occupied French port of Falmouth, Cornwall, England on overall. From the dock at St. Nazaire War Cemetery, France in Plot i, Row,! 2 Independent Company in the RAF that the bombers used would be effective so. Return journey these highly trained men had little support among the army ’ s,! Other decorations for gallantry the damage done to the gates, army foreboding like... With supporting demolition parties from other Commando units, including Durrant 's was!, Corran Purdon, Bob Wright, James Dunning, st nazaire raid vc winners on a that... Having been suggested by a German officer Le Claire Baule-Escoublac War Cemetery, France in Plot i, Row,... Bob Wright, James Dunning of Honor: European Assault October 1918 and lived in Green Street Primary... Success of the River Loire towards the port of Falmouth, Cornwall, on. Green Farnborough, Kent from Norway all the guns around the harbour unique that.

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